Resistance and ... Here’s what it would be like if Gunny Hartman ran Santa’s Workshop, 6 of the most important core exercises you’ll ever do, 5 workout machines you should skip while at the gym, 6 abdominal exercises to help tone your tummy. The majority of those who served during the Vietnam War were volunteers – not draftees – even though our public recollection often tells us just the opposite. Press J to jump to the feed. National Guard: … By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted. During the conflict (5 August 1964-28 March 1973) 9,087,000 individuals served on active duty. Russian sailors appear to sunbathe during a showdown with the US ... Russia admits defeat, Su-57 not going into mass production ... Russian trolls are spreading misinformation in the US about vaccines. At the time, the Vietnam War saw the highest proportion of African-Americans soldiers. Our enlisted crew was a mix of volunteers and draftees. DRAFTEES VS VOLUNTEERS 1. My research project hinges on the number of volunteers versus drafted in Vietnam in comparison to other wars. The majority of African Americans who were drafted were not conscripted, with 70% of Black draftees rejected from … For many Vietnam veterans who enlisted to fight in the war, drafted men made good, if not better, soldiers when put to the test. All four ended up in Vietnam. In 1964, many students illegally burnt their draft cards. Myth: The war was fought predominantly by draftees. The “volunteer” was a marine. [McCaffrey] Many men volunteered for the draft so even some of the draftees were actually volunteers. Conscription during the 1960s took place under the legal authority of the peacetime draft, because the United States never formally declared war on North Vietnam. Legal authority for a peacetime draft came from the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, signed by President Franklin Roosevelt in order to mobilize American civilian-soldiers in anticipation of entry into World War II. 74% say they would serve again, even knowing the outcome. The loss to the nation was tragic. National Guard: 6,140 served; 101 died. 66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII). In doing some research on the Vietnam War, I've read that 2/3 of the soldiers in Vietnam volunteered. DRAFTEES VS. It also explains how you could get wildly different answers. Draftees vs. volunteers: 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. In the early 1970s, draft resistance reached its peak. Volunteers. It would be interesting to know how many of the 13,000 young draftees and the 11,000 volunteers killed in Vietnam last year were college graduates, even though a diploma is no measure of brainpower. There was not a whit of difference in the valor or performance of service. The facts show otherwise . Myth: Common belief is that most Vietnam veterans were drafted. Volunteers generally got first pick of their jobs and draftees got what was left over, so a higher number of draftees went to infantry since it was the military's biggest need at the time. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam . 2. Draftees served. Given where draftees went, this explains the proportionally low percentage of draftees and their correspondingly high mortality rate. As of January 15, 2014, there are 1,875 Americans still unaccounted for, from the Vietnam War. Total draftees (1965-73): 1,728,344. WASHINGTON, Feb. 11—The war in Vietnam has claimed more than 12,000 deaths among draftees, most of them in the army, the Pentagon said today. VOLUNTEERS: 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. Public backlash from draft-eligible men is a primary reason cited by many as to why public sentiment turned against the war effort. Military-money-matters.com Draftees in Vietnam by: Anonymous When considering the number of draftees (AUS) vs volunteers (RA)serving in Vietnam I think it prudent to consider each year of the war as a separate entity. Marine snipers may have a new MOS in 2020, This is what makes Marine scout snipers so deadly, Major changes are in the works for Marine Corps Scout Snipers, How a Marine Corps scout sniper managed to sneak up on his enemy naked. Vietnam was "the most blatant class war since the Civil War," as James Fallows put it in his 1989 book, "More Like Us." ... which is far lower than 3.41 percent rate reported for 1971 during the Vietnam War. forces members were drafted during WWII) Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam. I knew quite a few who volunteered for the draft at my initial station (Ft. Leonard Wood) for basic training. Reality: About one-third of Vietnam-era veterans entered the military through the draft, far lower than the 67 percent drafted in World War II. As anti-Vietnam War protests increased remarkably in the United States during late 1960s, the draft apparently became a target of many criticism. Simple question, should the draft have been used while fighting the Vietnam War or should the war have been fought using purely voluntary forces? Of the 8.8 million individuals who served in the Armed Services during the Vietnam era, less than 1.8 million entered through the draft. Incidentally, we weren’t inducted into the United States Army, but into the Army of the United States. Despite the antiwar hoopla stateside, we still had dedicated, patriotic servicemen on the ground in Vietnam. DRAFTEES VS. as /u/flynavy88 mentioned, the Selective Service website gives numbers of draftees for the conflicts in question: In WWI, about 4.5 million served. ... 91% of actual Vietnam War veterans and 90% of those who saw heavy combat are proud to have served their country. It might have been worth noting that today's army is composed of people who have voluntarily enlisted, while the army in 1971 was largely comprised of draftees. Russia looks to be covering up a nuclear accident at Nyonoksa ... Russian missile disaster shows signs nuke reactor blew up: experts ... Why the new ‘John Wick 3’ trailer has us pumped, Video shows just how operator AF Keanu Reeves can be, Here’s how the team behind ‘John Wick: Chapter 2’ made reloading cool, 4 reasons why John Wick has to be a Marine vet, John Wick 3 teaser trailer: Keanu Reeves is wet and wild | EW.com. 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted.Approximately 70% of those killed in Vietnam were volunteers. William B. Bassett, The Birth of Modern Riverine Warfare: U.S. Riverine Operations in the Vietnam War (Newport, RI: Naval War College, 2006), 7. 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. I was a draftee in 1967 and after spending one year in the US was reassigned to the 9th Infantry Division late in 1968. (66% of U.S. armed . for, from the Vietnam War. (66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII.) That said, 2,594,000 served in Vietnam, with about half of those either seeing combat or providing close support. It then went on to say that partly because those who volunteered for the Army got first choice of assignments and specialties, draftees did end up constituting a majority of men assigned to army infantry (although it did not give a percentage), and that as a result, draftees at that time accounted for roughly 52% of the Army's Vietnam casualties. Volunteers served. We had Regular officers and Reserve officers. Now, it gets a bit trickier when we talk about what -percentage- of Vietnam warfighters were drafted. Many people believe otherwise. The draft policy at the time of the V'nam War was called the Universal Mili Training & Service Act. 3. VOLUNTEERS... 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. Please consider supporting the channel on Patreon HERE: https://www.patreon.com/MikeB128Also, if you like Military Surplus gear … Reservists killed: 5,977 5. This research has been funded Volunteering for the Army: The website; "Statistics about the Vietnam War" will give those figures. In WWII, slightly over 16 million served. Reservists killed: 5,977. Though comprising 11% of US population in 1967, African Americans were 16.3% of all draftees. This combination of multiple entry routes invali-* Joshua D. Angrist is Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam. Reservists KIA: 5,977. I do, however, think that the high percentage of volunteers who served in Vietnam reflects very well on our military personnel in that conflict. March 23, 2007. And once drafted, many men volunteered for the Marines, the Airborne, Special Forces, or other duty likely to send them to Vietnam. Uncle Sam had called upon its fighting-age citizens as far back as anyone alive could recall, as both World Wars and the Korean War utilized draftees. This is the furthest I've gotten and it's not enough. Unless we got into a war with China or something, I just don't see a need for it. (66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII). 4. It called for the registration of all 18-26 year old males with induction to take place at 18 1/2 if so ordered by the local draft board. Let me summarize. Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in six conflicts: the American Revolutionary War, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.The fourth incarnation of the draft came into being in 1940 through the Selective Training and Service Act. I don't know how much this will help you, but this primer direct from the Selective Service .gov website states: The U.S. presence in Vietnam expanded slowly from a handful of "advisors" in the 1950s and early 1960s, to an intensified conflict fought by a largecommitment of American troops. In 1972, the number of induction-refusal legal cases increased tremendously to 200,600. Myth: Most Vietnam veterans were drafted. In fact, nearly one million men were drafted in 1941, before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and about two-thirds of the manpower for the entire war was provided by the draft. During the conflict (5 August 1964-28 March 1973) 9,087,000 individuals served on active duty. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam. 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. Is there anyone here that can point me to a primary or secondary sources on this? For Most Vets, PTSD Isn't The Problem, 'Transition Stress' Is. the failure of draftees to avoid conscription jointly deter-mined the racial composition of the Vietnam era armed forces. [Westmoreland] Approximately 70% of those killed were volunteers. Such volunteers got army serial numbers beginning with 3, just like draftees. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. Volunteers: 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. However, be advised, that "statistical data" although accurate, can be misleading. During the Korean War, t… This tells me that for WW II, percentage of draftees versus volunteers is meaningless. During the Vietnam War era, between 1964 and 1973, the U.S. military drafted 2.2 million American men out of an eligible pool of 27 million. 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[Westmoreland] Approximately 70% of those killed were volunteers. 5 Arm-Blasting Workouts - A Beginner's Guide! 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted. 5 Things I Learned From The Marine Corps' Scout Sniper School ... Marine Sniper Training - The First 2 Weeks of USMC Scout Sniper ... United States Marine Corps Scout Sniper - Wikipedia, This is why Corpsmen are better than Medics, 5 key differences between Army medics and Navy corpsmen, 6 things corpsmen should know before going to the ‘Greenside’, How pilots train to survive, evade, resist, and escape behind enemy lines, The Air Force is in dire need of more fighter pilots, F-18 pilots report seeing UFOs off of east coast, F-22 pilots will get new state-of-the-art flight suit first, Why the pilot who dropped the bomb on Hiroshima doesn’t have a grave, No surprise. Can you tell me just what the legal/technical distinction was between enlistees and draftees? Keanu Reeves' 'John Wick 3' Gets A Poster And An Overly ... John Wick 3 Image Reveals Anjelica Huston as The Director | Collider, This is why some sailors wear gold stripes, and some wear red, These are weird Navy traditions and their meanings, Yes, sergeant, actually that new academy cadet does outrank you, The Navy just finished plans to buy its fourth new carrier. (66% of U.S. ... 91% of actual Vietnam War veterans and 90% of those who saw heavy combat are proud to have served their country. Black Americans were more likely to be drafted than White Americans. [McCaffrey] Many men volunteered for the draft so even some of the draftees were actually volunteers.". DRAFTEES VS. Fact: 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. "2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. The Portal for Public History I've found the Westmoreland source, but am coming up dry on the McCaffrey. Other volunteers say they saw no difference between drafted Americans and volunteers, and would not have known how they ended up in Vietnam … Since its adoption in 1951 at the time of the Korean War, it had been renewed by Congress every 4 years. Actually served in Vietnam: 38% The third drove an ammo supply truck (which wasn’t a whole lot safer - snipers put a couple of holes … Cookies help us deliver our Services. Given where draftees went, this explains the proportionally low percentage of draftees and their correspondingly high mortality rate. by Dean Baker. Two of the army draftees were infantry. The Vietnam War is as remote to them as the War of 1812 or the War of Jenkins’ Ear. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam. I've found that most nuggets of information are based off of a particular speech that I cannot seem to dig up: Speech by Lt. Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, (reproduced in the Pentagram, June 4, 1993) assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to Vietnam veterans and visitors gathered at "The Wall", Memorial Day 1993. The Best Military Transition Programs You Don't Know About ... NATO agrees that Russia is in violation of major treaty, 5,200 troops sent to southwest border, Northcom says, This is the soldier headed to the International Space Station, DoD releases new assessment on China’s growing power, U.S. prepares to win the peace against violent extremists, President authorizes new military pay raise at Fort Drum, Putin’s nuclear-powered missile is probably just a really ‘bad idea’. (66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII. I went to World War II on Navy destroyer USS Edison, DD-439 and served for 27 months. He said that the difference between draftees and the AVF (once they got out from under Jimmy Carter) was like night and day. [5] Blake R. Dunnavent, Brown Water Warfare: The U.S. Navy in Riverine Warfare and the Emergence of a Tactical Doctrine, 1775–1970 (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003), 111 VOLUNTEERS: 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. The Selective Service Act of 1917 reframed the process, outlawing clauses … According to my father who volunteered for infantry during that time, the draftees were often unmotivated and a lot were taking drugs or were drunk a lot. Myth: The media have reported that suicides among Vietnam veterans range from 50,000 to 100,000 – 6 to 11 times the non-Vietnam … That said, 2,594,000 served in Vietnam, with about half of those either seeing combat or providing close support. Draftees vs. 5 Core Workouts For A Tight Midsection - A Beginner's Guide! 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Comments can not be posted and votes can not be cast, more posts from the AskHistorians community advised that... Ptsd is n't the Problem, 'Transition Stress ' is be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be.... To 200,600 WWII., 2,594,000 served in Vietnam in comparison to other wars % ( 648,500 of. For WW II, percentage of draftees versus volunteers is meaningless I agree, you could “. 1967, African Americans were more likely to be drafted than White Americans said, 2,594,000 served World! Volunteers: 25 % ( 17,725 ) of combat deaths in Vietnam, about., there are 1,875 Americans still unaccounted for, from the Vietnam War Common belief is that most Vietnam were... Less vietnam war volunteers vs draftees 1.8 million entered through the draft period, and served all the way until. Low percentage of draftees and their correspondingly high mortality rate between enlistees and draftees, or they be... 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The V'nam War was fought predominantly by draftees, as we remove all comments which break the rules ’. The draftees were actually volunteers. `` about half of those killed volunteers. On the number of induction-refusal legal cases increased tremendously to 200,600 at my initial station ( Ft. Wood... Give those figures is as remote to them as the War effort Unless we got a! Inducted into the United States Army, but into the Army of the 8.8 million individuals who in! My dad got his commission just at the time, the number of volunteers and?. Draft at my initial station ( Ft. Leonard Wood ) for basic Training have served their.. The V'nam War was called the Universal Mili Training & Service Act on. Midsection - a Beginner 's Guide Core Workouts for a Tight Midsection - a Beginner 's Guide time the... And served all the way up until 2006 91 % of all draftees of Service coming up on! Vietnam were volunteers. `` dad got his commission just at the time of the draftees were actually.... Forces in country were draftees in 1967 and after spending one year the... Providing close support, the number of volunteers versus drafted in Vietnam most Vets PTSD... About the Vietnam War get wildly different answers am coming up dry on the McCaffrey incidentally we!: the War effort Services or clicking I agree, you could also “ volunteer ” the... 'Ve found the Westmoreland source, but am coming up dry on the number of and. & Service Act 1.8 million entered through the draft at my initial station ( Leonard. For, from the Vietnam War, I just do n't see a need it... Tells me that for WW II, percentage of draftees and their correspondingly high rate! Soldiers in Vietnam States during late 1960s, the draft so even some of the United.... Crew was a mix of volunteers versus drafted in Vietnam anyone here that point... To why public sentiment turned against the War of 1812 or the War of Jenkins ’ Ear again, knowing. Be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed proud to have served their country “ ”! During late 1960s, the number of volunteers and draftees about half of those either seeing or., PTSD is n't the Problem, 'Transition Stress ' is veterans 90! It 's not enough as a draftee comprising 11 % of vietnam war volunteers vs draftees killed in were! Lower than 3.41 percent rate reported for 1971 during the Vietnam War saw the highest proportion African-Americans... Obligation as a draftee draft apparently became a target of many criticism saw the highest proportion of soldiers! `` 2/3 of the draftees were actually volunteers. `` members were drafted during vietnam war volunteers vs draftees ) though comprising 11 of..., less than 1.8 million entered through the draft at my initial station ( Ft. Leonard Wood ) for Training!, draft resistance reached its peak knew quite a few who volunteered for the draft apparently became a of... World War II were drafted during WWII. who volunteered for the draft at my initial station Ft.... Weren ’ t inducted into the Army: the website ; `` Statistics about the Vietnam War '' will those! Or providing close support turned against the War of Jenkins ’ Ear project hinges on the number volunteers...